IBUS 6402: Graduate Global Enrichment in MoroccoHuman-Focused, Culturally-Sustainable Development in Morocco
Pre-departure classes: Fall B term
Program Travel: January 1 - 13, 2024
The program will focus on Morocco as a developing nation. Morocco has had a sizable trade deficit in the last decade. Historically, the country has relied on agriculture and phosphates for many of its exports. Due to government initiatives, this has been changing, and electronic equipment and automobile exports have been increasing. Additionally, Morocco has imported up to 95% of its energy. The export of food and import of energy have increased the economic risk for the country.
The government has set a goal to be more self-reliant. It is working to achieve this goal by using its resources (natural and human) in culturally-focused ways to improve the country’s resilience and the outcomes for its citizens.
Energy: Morocco also faces risk due to its reliance on other countries for its energy. Mineral fuels, including oil, were still its top import in 2021. “Heavy reliance on imports for all fossil fuels has clear implications for Morocco’s energy security and economy. Morocco is focused on producing its energy; it has set a goal of 50% of its energy coming from renewable resources. It is home to one of the largest solar farms in the world and has hosted sustainable energy conferences attended by world leaders. It is also home to many wind farms in coastal regions.
Human-Focused Development and Entrepreneurship: Morocco has historically had a male-dominated economy and, more recently, has been experiencing high youth unemployment rates. In ignoring these populations, Morocco has not taken advantage of its human capital to grow and increase self-reliance. The country has several programs that have been initiated that are focused on the country's unemployed (and mostly rural) youth. It also has multiple programs to empower women to continue education through high school (rather than dropping out upon menarche to marry). Many of these programs focus on education and entrepreneurship.
Because the country's culture is generally risk-averse, entrepreneurship has not been an accepted path for its citizens. Families would prefer their children to work in government so they will have a more reliable (risk-free) income. This is slowly changing as the younger population embraces social media and entrepreneurship as a path to a successful future career.
Sustainable Agriculture: One speaker said, “Exporting watermelon is like exporting our water.” In a country that has limited rainfall, this seems remarkable. The export of water-intensive crops for a country suffering from declining rainfall and aridification in parts of the country seems like a bad idea at best. We will visit a university focused on improving soil quality and developing drought-resistant seeds. We will visit a farm that uses gravity and permaculture to turn “dead soil” into an oasis of crops that feed local families. We will visit a water purification plant that uses gravity rather than an area to turn wastewater into irrigation water for local crops.
The Morocco Way: Though western nations have developed programs addressing the same issues that Morocco faces today, Morocco is developing its methods and initiatives that focus on local culture and getting community buy-in to ensure that these initiatives take root and become part of the ecosystem of each community.
Morocco faces both of the above issues and has had a trade deficit for many years. Historically, the country has relied on agriculture and phosphates for a large part of their exports. Due to government initiatives, this has been changing, and electronic equipment and automobile exports have been increasing. Still, the reliance on volatile exports for income is a risk for the country.
The government of Morocco has been working to increase entrepreneurship through several initiatives. There has been progress in modernizing the administrative process and many events and conferences organized to help bring entrepreneurs together for training, support, and funding.
Morocco has also faces risk due to reliance on other countries for its energy. Refined Petroleum remains its largest import. “Heavy reliance on imports for all fossil fuels has clear implications for Morocco’s energy security and on its economy. Morocco’s energy mix is composed largely of fossil fuels, which account for almost 90% of total primary energy supply (TPES) and 80% in electricity supply. Reliance on external sources of energy leaves the country vulnerable to price changes and changing relationships with exporting countries.
The government has focused on reducing this reliance through solar and wind energy initiatives. The first of these initiatives focuses on the abundant sun in the desert are of the country. The area near Ouarzazate has a large solar complex hat is expected to be the world’s largest. The country’s wind program takes advantage of the country’s coastline with multiple locations that have average annual wind speeds in excess of over 9 m/s at a height of 40 meters. “Morocco is making strong progress towards affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy in line with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG 7).
Students stay in conveniently-located hotels in each city and will share a room with one or two classmates of their same gender. Because networking and community-building are key parts of the program, students will not have the option of a single room. Guests are not permitted during the program. Breakfast daily, a welcome lunch, and closing dinner are provided.
- 4 graduate credits
- Grading is A-F basis
This program is open to up to 25 Carlson School graduate students in good academic standing with a minimum GPA of 3.0 at the time of application. The application process can be competitive, and space is limited. Meeting the minimum requirements does not guarantee acceptance.
U.S. citizens will need a valid passport to travel to Morocco. If you already have a passport, you need to check the expiration date and confirm that it is more than seven months after the program ends. If you do not have a passport, or your passport needs to be renewed, you will need to apply for one immediately upon confirmation.
A visa is a document that proves that travel into a particular country has been approved by their governing body. U.S. citizens do not need a visa to enter Morocco. Non-U.S. passport holders should check with the Moroccan consulates regarding visa requirements and fees. If you carry a passport other than a U.S. passport and are required to carry a visa into Morocco, you will be responsible for securing your visa; you will work closely with the Program Manager to make sure you have any University-specific documentation that you need.
To submit your application, please visit the Apply page. Students will be charged a $50 application fee.
The application cycle starts on March 1 and the priority deadline is April 3.
Applications for programs that do not fill by the priority deadline will be accepted on a rolling basis until full. Priority deadline applications will be reviewed and students will be informed of their status no later than May 1.
Cost Estimate (Summary)
These estimates will vary based on student preference and exchange rates. All details subject to change based on economic and international factors. Most financial aid may be applied to study abroad programs.
*Calculated based on the estimated 2022-2023 PTMBA tuition rate. Students enrolled in another degree program will be charged the tuition rate for four credits associated with their degree program. Please see One Stop for more information about tuition and fees or contact us with questions.
|Estimated tuition for Four PTMBA Academic Credits (not including collegiate, graduate student assembly, or transportation fees)*||$6,640|
|Program Fee (including lodging, program events, course materials, breakfast daily, two group meals, and int'l health insurance*)||$3,100 (tentative)|
|International airfare between Minnesota and Morocco||$1,500|
|Passport, Visa & Photos (based on prices for U.S. citizens)||$165|
|Daily Living Expenses (local transportation, incidentals, laundry, etc)||$400|
|Meals (lunch and dinners not included in Program Fee)||$400|